- [S90] Cemetery: South Haven Presbyterian Church, Stone 19.
- [S338] Stancliff Family Genealogy, http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~rstancliff/TinkerFam.htm.
- [S1154] Research Notes, Sarah Hudson: Thomas.
The Refugees of 1776 from Long Island to Connecticut
by Frederic Gregory Mather.
Jonathan Hudson was the origin of the Hudson family on Long Island.
b. in England, 08 May 1658
(Note: a Jonathan Hudson and a George Tinker were taxed,
"Nottinghamshire hearth tax, 1664-1674, p. 45.)
m. 17 Jun 1686, Sarah Tinker
(Note: Jonathan Hudson's lot, the third lot, was a the upper end of
Sam Tinker's land at Bog Hole Plain, in Lyme, Connecticut.
Lyme records, 1667-1730 By Lyme (Conn.), Jean Chandler Burr, p. 95.)
d. 05 Apr 1729, will dated 02 Apr 1729
buried: Sylvestor Manor Cemetery, Shelter Island
He immigrated from England to Lyme, Conn., then to Shelter Island.
Sarah Tinker, b. 1664, New London, CT
d. 11 Sep 1746
buried: South Haven burying ground.
illegitimate dau. of Alice (Smith) Tinker and
probably Jeremiah Blinman [information from Henry B. Hoff,
The New England Historical and Genealogical Register (NEHGS),
"Appendix: Sarah Tinker, Wife of Jonathan Hudson,"
Vol. 149, pp. 430-32, Oct 1995, Southold, L.I.
p. 431: "Administration on the estate of Sarah Hudson, of Brookhaven, Suffolk . . .
was granted to Samuel Hudson, only surviving son of Jonathan and
[See LYME LAND AND PROPERTY RECORDS Vol. 5, page 19
Deed of Sale from Sarah Hudson widow of Jonathan Hudson
to John Tillitson dated June 8, 1731.]
[See also Hudson immigrants and the geography of early settlement
By Betty Jo Hudson, Phillip Wayne Rhodes,
published Hudson Family Association (South), 1981.]
[See also Vital Records of Lyme, Connecticut to the End of the Year 1850
By Lyme (Conn.), Verne M. Hall, Elizebeth B. Plimpton, Lyme Bice,
pub Heritage Books, 1990, p. 234, "The Birth and Death of the Children of
Jonathan Hudson: and: Sarah, his wife."]
John Tinker married before Dec. 9, 1649 as his second wife ALICE SMITH daughter of John and Mary [____] Smith of Boston, Sudbury and Lancaster, MA, born Nov. 20, 1629 and died in Lyme, CT on her birthday, Nov. 20, 1714, at age 85(15). While the record of John Tinker's second marriage has not been found, there is an entry in Aspinwall's Notarial Records in which both John and Alice act as witnesses to a land transaction in which Amos Richardson was the attorney, dated Dec. 9, 1649. On this date Alice signed her name Alice Tinker.
SARAH TINKER born New London or Lyme,(52) CT in the spring of 1664(53) died Sept. 11, 1746(54) buried Presbyterian Cemetery, Brookhaven, Long Island married Lyme, CT Jun. 17, 1686(55) JONATHAN HUDSON born 1658 and died April 5, 1729 aged 71 years and buried in the "Old Quaker Burying Ground" or Sylvester Manor Cemetery, Shelter Island, Long Island, NY. Sarah was listed in the Lyme Land Records as "daughter of John Tinker", and received a headright allowance of land commensurate with that given to an heir of an original proprietor.
In 1663, much too long after the death of John Tinker, it became evident that the widow Tinker was "with child". Since this was not to be tolerated in a Puritan community, Alice was forced to face the Court and be examined(29). It is not clear who made the complaint, but Alice admitted the circumstance and further shocked the community by stating that the father of her unborn child was the 21-year-old son of the former minister, Jeremiah Blinman. Alice paid a fine. In other Court cases there was frequently a choice of punishment, a woman could be forced to wear some sort of identification pinned to her bonnet proclaiming her sin, but for affluent sinners, the Court was satisfied to exact punishment in the form of money, the usual fine for "impurity" being £5. It is probable that the Court accepted Alice's statement about Jeremiah Blinman, as he too paid a fine of £5 in 1663.
But Jeremiah was not the father of the child, and we will never know why he was thus accused. The father was Lt. Samuel Smith, one of the commissioners of New London, and a married man. It was thought that a woman in labor would be unable to lie about the paternity of her child. The Court so firmly believed this evidence, that it was sufficient to cause a man to become legally responsible for the financial support of a child when he was identified under these circumstances(30). Perhaps this was what led Samuel Smith to desert his wife and move to Virginia and finally the Carolinas, perhaps he feared the censure of his peers, but more likely he simply did not want to face up to such an unsettling circumstance.
Smith spent a great deal of time at the local Tavern and evidently talked freely as a result. When his wife, Rebecca, applied for a divorce on grounds of desertion, there were letters and depositions supplied that indicated that Samuel Smith had told numerous people that he must leave town before Mrs. Tinker's baby was born, as he was responsible(31). It would even seem that he took the daughter of the local Tavern owner with him when he left.
There were also documents saying Samuel Smith offered to pay a significant sum of money, a reward, to anyone who would take the child and deliver it to him, whether it was weaned or not. So it is the more surprising that several printed sources feign ignorance to the reason that Lt. Smith left town and even suggest that it was an act of self sacrifice on his part to allow his wife to marry another man. Rebecca Smith received her divorce in 1667, returned to her family in Wethersfield, and did indeed marry again.
Alice Tinker had a child in the spring of 1664. She then remarried before Jan. 27, 1664/5(32) to Attorney and Scrivener. Gov. E. Andros granted Administration to his relict, Alice, on Jun. 26, 1688.
George Dennison, a magistrate of Stonington, CT, was ordered to appear at the Court at Hartford as a result of performing this marriage. Frances Caulkins speculated that it was because of the "scandalous behavior of Alice Tinker"(35) but in her book Miss Caulkins says it was because Capt. Dennison had received his commission from Massachusetts Colony and Connecticut probably did not consider that he had the authority to perform the marriage. Whatever the case, George Dennison had a long history of refusing to submit to Connecticut authority, and it will be noted that he refused to appear before the Connecticut Court to answer these charges against him.
William and Alice [Smith] Tinker Measure took the Tinker children and moved to Lyme, CT. soon after their marriage. William Measure's name appears frequently in Town records and it is clear that he was very active in civic affairs. At a Lyme Town meeting on Jan. 18, 1680/81 William Measure was granted the license to run "an ordinary" or an Inn. At the same meeting "Mr. Wm Measure was chosen and Agreed with to keep A Schoole and to teach Children to Read Wright and Cost Accounting According to theire Capasitys" (36).
15. .THE DIARY OF JOSHUA HEMSTED, Collections of the New London County Historical Society, Vol I, page 40 "Ms Measurs Amos Tinkers Mother died....We made ye Coffin for his Mothr. Very aged woman of 85 years to a day. She was buried between Meetings."
29. .New London Court Records 1661-1667 "Presentments" page 27 Dated March 17, 1663/4 on the same page of Court records is an order to sell so much of Lt. Samuel Smith's property as may be needed to pay his debts. Seems to indicate that he has already left town, so would guess the time about 1-2 months before the child of Alice was due.
30. .A SEARCH FOR POWER, The Weaker Sex in Seventeenth-Century New England, by Lyle Koehler, page 185.
31. .Connecticut Archives, Series I, Crimes and Misdemeanors Vol. III Documents 194 through 210. There were letters written by Samuel Smith to his wife Rebecca, letters written by the Town fathers to coax Lt. Smith to return, but there were also many unflattering depositions.
32. .NEW LONDON TOWN RECORDS, Page 132 indicating sale of land that had been granted to John Tinker and signed by William Measure and his wife Alice Measure on Jan. 27 1664. Note that in the old calendar January would be at the end of the year, so if the child was born in May 1664, it would be before this January date.
33. .NEW LONDON COUNTY COURT RECORDS Vol.VII page 80. On Feb. 23, 1663/4 William Measure aged 28 gave testimony in a court case.
34. .GENEALOGICAL DICTIONARY OF THE FIRST SETTLERS OF NEW ENGLAND by James Savage, Vol.III, page 193. William was the only entry under the name Measure/Masuer.
35. .Private notes of Frances Manwaring Caulkins, housed at the New London Historical Society.
36. .Lyme Records 1667-1730, Compiled and Edited by Jean Chandler Burr, 1968, page 38.
37. .NEW LONDON LAND AND PROPERTY Vol.5, page 98. Sept. 30, 1684 Samuel Tinker with approval of the Court sold the land left with Amos Richardson by his father and specifies that it was land granted to his father in Oct. 1659.
52. .LYME LAND AND PROPERTY RECORDS Vol. 5, page 19, specified that she was born in Lyme, but other records indicate Alice and William Measure lived New London this date.
53. .Date based on March date of mother's Court appearance, Samuel Smith's statement that he had but nine weeks before the child was born and must leave town, and the fact that he had left town by March, when Court ordered some of his property sold to satisfy his debts.
54. .The stone for Sarah Hudson widow of Jonathan Hudson, clearly reads age 72, which after considering all related facts must be considered an error and should read 82. A child born 1674 could in no way be considered a daughter of John Tinker, specially since her mother was married to William Measure that date, and aged 45. If born 1674, she was married at age 12 and had first child at age 13, while not impossible, that is certainly not likely.
m. Jonathan Hudson, 17 Jun 1686, Lyme, Connecticut
Sarah, b. at Lyme, 27 Mar 1687, died before father's will
Jonathan, b. 06 Jan 1690, m. 30 May 1728, Mary Jennings
Richard, m. 08 Jun 1723, Hannah Booth, dau. of Ensign Wm. Booth and Hannah King
d. 15 Apr 1738
Samuel, m. Grissell, dau. of Benjamin and Patience (Sylvester) L'Hommedieu
Samuel was County Clerk of Suffolk County, 1722-1730
d. 12 Oct 1781
(Samuel, a son of Samuel and Grissell, died 26 May 1735, over age 6,
buried Sylvestor Manor Cemetery.
Elizabeth, a dau. of Samuel and Grissell,
b. 31 Jul 1741
m. Nathan Tuthill
d. 20 Apr 1831)
Hannah, married a Spencer
Deborah, married a Parker
Mary, married John L'Hommedieu
Mary, dau. of Jonathan Hudson, married, on 22 Feb 1727,
John L'Hommedieu, b. 11 Jan 1707, d. 25 Jan 1777
(will dated 03 Jan 1777)
son of Benjamin L'Hommedieu
John L'Hommedieu's sister, Grissell, married
Samuel Hudson, son of Jonathan Hudson
- [S90] Cemetery: South Haven Presbyterian Church, stone 19.
- [S229] L'Hommedieu Genealogy, Volume I, p. 184.
Record is of Newspaper Clippings from the Genealogical Columns of The Traveler, a newspaper published in Southold, Suffolk, NY