Abbreviations/Symbols

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In general, I'm opposed to the use of abbreviations and acronyms.  For the most part they display elitism and do not help with comprehension.  I therefore try to avoid their use in my work -- but even I get trapped sometimes.

I do, however, find there use pervasive in published genealogy works—the more "professional" the genealogist and publication, the more obscure they try to be—sometimes it's like reading a medical journal.  I found several online sources which decipher these sometimes arcane notations, and have created a personal database help, which is published here.  Most of the material on this page originated with Sam Behling, obtained from the Rhode Island USGen. Web Genealogy and History Project, which does not seem to be copyrighted.  I've added a few abbreviations and acronyms I've found that were not in Behling's list, and a few notations unique to my own databases.

[ ... ]

used in the context of a name. For surnames, it is normally the closest known related surname, e.g., a husband's surname for a married female. For a given name, they normally enclose a relationship which helps to identify the individual.

[ … ]

used in the context of a note usually indicates a research comment, rather than an exposition of fact.

^

indicates an individual known to have lived in either the Brookhaven or South Haven Hamlets, or to have had a close association with these communities.

{ … }

braces surrounding a place name indicates some uncertainty about the event location. For example, the person was living at the location, but it's not proved that the event occurred there.

<

indicates an individual was/is a direct descendent of a Brookhaven or South Haven Hamlet resident.

>

indicates an individual was a direct ancestor of a Brookhaven or South Haven Hamlet resident.

><

indicates individual was both an ancestor and a descendent of a Hamlet resident, but did not live in the Hamlet

indicates an individual who was a member of or had a close association with the South Haven Presbyterian Church in the 17th and early 18th centuries, but apparently was not living in either Brookhaven or South Haven Hamlets.

a.

about, age, acre, ante, aunt

a.a.r.

against all risks

a.c.

attested copy; account current

a.k.a.

also known as

a.l.s.

autographed letter signed

a.o.

account of

a.w.c.

admon. (letters of administration) with will and codicil annexed

AASP

American Antiquarian Society Proceedings

ab.

about; abbey

abbr.

abbreviation

abd.

abdicated

Abp.

Archbishop

abr.

abridged; abridgment

abs. or abstr.

abstract

abt.

about

AC

Ante Christum; ancestor chart

acad.

academy

acc.

according to; account; accompanied

acco.

account

accu.

accurate

ackd.

acknowledged

actg.

acting

Ad

adopted; AdCl - adopted child; AdD - adopted daughter, etc.

AD

[Latin] Anno Domin

adj.

adjoining; adjutant; adjourned

adm.

admission; admitted

admin.

administration; administrator

Admon.

letters of administration

admr.

administration

af. or afft.

affidavit

aft.

after

AL

American Legion

ald.

alderman

alleg.

allegiance

als.

alias

anc.

ancestry; ancestor; ancient

annot.

annotated

ano.

another

anon.

anonymous

ant.

antiquary; antonym

antiq.

antiquary; antiquities; antiquity; antiquarian

AOP

American Order of Pioneers

Ap

apprentice

APG

Association of Professional Genealogists

APJI

Association for Protection of Jewish Immigrants

app.

apprentice; aprpoximately; appendix; appointed

App. Div.

Appelate division

appr.

appraisment

apprd.

apprised; appeared

approx.

approximately

apptd.

appointed

appx.

appendix

ar. co.

artillery company

arr.

arrived

ascert.

ascertain(ed)

ASG

American Society of Genealogists

asgd.

assigned

asr.

assessor

assn. or assoc.

association

asso.

associated; associate

Asst

assistant

At

Attendant

atty.

attorney

au.

gold

aud.

auditor

AWOL

absent without leave

b.

born; bondsman; banns; book; birth; bachelor; brother

B.B.

Bail Bond

b.d. or bdt.

birth date

b.i.l. or Bl

brother-in-law

B.M.

Bench Mark; British Museum

b.o.t.p.

both of this parish

B.S.

in court records, Bill of Sale

B.T.

Bishop's Transcripts

ba.

bachelor; baptized

bach. or batch.

bachelor

bap or bapt.

baptized; baptism

BBoy

bound boy

bcer

birth certificate

BCG

Board for Certification of Genealogists

bd.

bound; buried

bec.

because; became

bef.

before

bet.

between

BGirl

bound girl

BIA

Bureau of Indian Affairs

biog.

biography

bish.

bishop

bks.

books; barracks

bl.

bibliography

BLM

Bureau of Land Management

BLW

Bount Land Warrant

bndsmn.

bondsman

Bo

boarder

bo or bot.

bought; bottom

bp.

baptized; birthplace

bpl.

birthplace

bpt.

baptized

Br.

British

br. or bro

brother

bro-i-l

brother-in-law

bur. or bu

buried

C of A

Coat of Arms

c.

cousin; circa; codicil

c.r.

church report

c.s.

copy signed

ca.

circa

Cap or capt.

captain; captured; captivity

CAR

National Society, Children of the American Revolution

catal.

catalogue

cath.

cathedral

CC

County Clerk; county court, county commissioner; company commander

CCP

Court of Common Pleas

CDA

Colonial Dames of America

CDIB

Certified Degree of Indian Blood

cem.

cemetery

cen. or cens.

census

cent.

century

cer. or cert.

certificate

cf.

confer

CG

Certified Genealogist

CH

Court House

ch.

child; children; church; chief, chaplain

ch/o

child of

Cha

chamber maid

chan.

chancery

chldn. or chn.

children

chr. or chris.

christened

cir.

circa

civ.

civil

CJ

County Judge

Cl

child

clk.

clerk

CO

commanding officer; Colonial Office

co.

county; company

cod.

codicil

col.

colony; colonel

coll.

college; collections

com.

commissioner; commander; commentary; committee; common; commoner; communicate, companion

comm.

commissioners

comp.

company

confer.

conferred

conject.

conjecture

cont.

continued

contr.

contract

corp.

corporal

couns.

counsellor

cous.

cousin

coven.

covenant

CRA

Church Records Archives

crspd.

correspond; correspondence

CSA

Confederate States of America

csn.

cousin; cousins

ct.

court; citation; county

CW

Civil War; church warden

d.

died; death; daughter

d. & coh.

daughter and coheiress

d. & h.

daughter and heiress

d.s.

document signed; died single

d.s.p.

[Latin] descessit sine parole; died without issue

d.s.p.m.

[Latin] descessit sine parole mascula; died without male issue

d.y.

died young

d/o

daughter of

DA

District Attorney

da.

daughter; day

DAB

Dictionary of American Biography

DAC

National Society of the Daughters of the American Colonists

DAR

Daughters of the American Revolution

dau. or daugr

daughter

dau-i-l

daughter-in-law

daus.

daughters

DAV

Disabled American Veterans

DB

Domesday Book

DC

District of Columbia; Deputy Clerk; Deputy County Clerk

DCG

Descendants of Colonial Governors

d'd.

deceased

dea or deac.

deacon

dec. or dec'd

deceased

decis.

decision

degr.

degree

dep.

deputy; depot

dept.

department

desc.

descendant

devis.

devised

DFPA

Daughters of Founders and Patriots of America

dil.

daughter-in-law

dio.

diocese

dis.

discharge

discip.

discipline

dist.

district

div.

division; divided; divorced; divinity

do.

ditto

doc or docum.

document

dom.

domestic

dpl.

death place

DR

Daughter of the Revolution; Diocesan Registry

dr.

doctor; dram

ds.

deaths; daughters

dsct.

descendant

dt.

date

dto.

ditto

dtr.

daughter

dt's.

delirium tremens

dum. or d. um.

died unmarried

DVR

Society of the Descendants of Washington's Army at Valley Forge

E.

East or eastern

E.D.

Enumeration District

easi.

easily

ecux.

executrix; a female executor

ed.

edited; edition; editor

educ.

education; educated

Emp

employee

En

engineer

Eng.

England

eno.

enough

ens.

ensign

ensu.

ensuing

est.

estate;established

establ.

establishment

estd.

estimated

et. vir.

and husband

etc.

[Latin] etcetera; and so forth

exc.

except; excellency; excepted; exchange

exec. or exor. or exr.

executor

exox.

executrix

exs.

executors

exx.

executrix

f.

father; female; folio; feast; feet; farm; following

F.A.

Field Artillery

F.B.

Family Bible

f.e.

for example

f.m.

free mulatto

f.n.

free negro

fa.

father

FaH

farm hand; FaW - farm worker

fam.

family; families

FARC

Federal Archives and Records Centers (branches of the National Archives

FASG

Fellow American Society of Genealogists

father-in-l

father-in-law

ff.

following (pages), foster father

FF's

First Families

FFV

First Families of Virginia

FGRA

Family Group Record Archives

FGS

Federation of Genealogical Societies

FHC

Family History Center

FHL

Family History Library

Fi

fireman

fidel.

fidelity

fil. or f.inl or FL

father-in-law

FM

foster mother

foll.

following; followed

FR

Family Registry

freem.

freeman; freemen

ft.

foot; fort

g.

grand; great

G.B.

Great Britain

g.r.

grave record

g.s.

grave stone

GA

great aunt

GAR

Grand Army of the Republic

gch. or gcl

grandchildren

GD

granddaughter

gdn.

guardian

GEDCOM

GEnealogical Data COMmunication

GF

grandfather

GGF

great-grandfather; GGGF - great-great-grandfather, etc.

GGM

great-grandmother; GGGM - great-great-grandmother, etc.

GH

Genelaogical Helper

giv.

given; giving

GLC

Genealogical Library Catalog

GLO

General Land Office

gm.

grandmother

Go

governess

godf.

godfather

godm.

godmother

gp.

grandparents

GPAI

Genealogical Periodical Annual Index

gr.

grand; great; grant; graduate

grf.

grandfather

grmo.

grandmother

grs. or GS

grandson

GSW 1812

General Society of the War of 1812

Gt. Br.

Great Britain

gt. gr.

great grand

GTT

Gone to Texas

GU

great uncle

Gua

guardian

h.

husband; heir; heiress

hdgrs.

headquarters

HEIC

Honourable East India Comapny

her.

heraldry

hers.

herself

Hh

hired hand

hims.

himself

Hist.

History

hist.

historian

Hk

housekeeper

HM

His or Her Majesty, or hired man

HMS

Her (or His) Majesty's Service or Ship

hon.

honorable

hon. dis.

honorably discharged

honor.

honorary

honora.

honorably

HSA

Huguenot Society of America

hund.

hundred

hus.

husband

I

inmate

ibid.

[Latin] ibidem; same (reference)

IGI

International Genealogical Index

ign.

ignorant

illus.

illustrated

imp.

importation

inc.

incorporated; incomplete

incl.

included; inclusive

Ind.

Indians

Ind. T. or Ind. Ter.

Indian Territory

Ind. W.C.

Indian Widow's Certificate

IND.S.C.

Indian Survivors' Certificates

inf.

infant; infantry; informed

info.

information

inh.

inherited

inhab.

inhabitant

inq.

inquiry

ins.

insert

inst.

institute; institution

int.

intentions; interested; interred

inv. or invt.

inventory

JA

Judge Advocate

JNH

Journal of Negro History

JP

Justice of the Peace

Jr.

Junior

jud or judic.

judicial; judicious

junr.

junior

jur.

[Latin] jurat; certification that a document was written by the person who signed it

k.

killed; king

kn.

known

knt. or kt.

knight

l.

license; law, or lodger

l.e.

local elder in a church

l.p.

local preacher

la or labr.

laborer

Lat.

Latin

Lau

launderer

lb.

pound

LBC

Letter Book Copy

LC

Library of Congress

ld.

land

ldr.

leader

LDS

Chuch of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

li. or liv.

lived; living

lib.

library

lic.

license

lieut.

lieutenant

liv. abt.

lived about

ll.

lines

lnd.

land

ltd.

limited

m.

month; male; mother; married; marriage

m.bn.

marriage banns

m.h.

meeting house

m.i.

monument inscription

m.o.

mustered out

m/1, m/2

married first, married second, etc.

mag.

magistrate

maj.

major

mak.

making

mat.

maternal

MCA

Microfilm Corporation of America

MCC

Microfilm Card Catalog

MCD

Municipal Civil District

MD

Doctor of Medicine; Middle Dutch

md.

married

mem.

member; membership; memorials; memoir

ment.

mentioned

messrs.

plural of mister

Mex. S.C.

Mexican Survivors' Certificates

Mex. S.O.

Mexcian Survivorr's Originals

Mex. W.C.

Mexican Widows' Certificate

MG

Minister of the Gospel

MGH

Middle High German

mi.

mile; miles

MIA

Missing in Action

mil or milit.

military

min.

minister

m-in-l or ML

mother-in-law

MLG

Middle Low German

MLW

Military Land Warrant

MM

abbreviation for Monthly Meeting of Society of Friends (Quakers)

mo.

mother; month

mors.

death; corpse

mov.

moved

MQ

Mayflower Quarterly

Mr.

Mister

Mrs.

Mistress

ms.

manuscript

mss.

manuscripts

mtg.

meeting; mortgage

mvd.

moved

my/d

my daughter

N.

Negro; North

n.

nephew; name

n.d.

no date

N.E.

New England; North Eeast

n.p.

no place

N.W.

North West

n.x.n.

no christian name

NA

National Archives in Washington, D.C.; Native American

na.

naturalized

nam.

named

NARA

National Archives and Records Administration

NARS

National Archives and Record Service

nat.

[Latin] natus; birth; son; offspring

NEH

National Endowment for the Humanities

NEHGR

New England Historic Genealogical Register [publication of NEHGS]

NEHGS

New England Historic Genealogical Society

neph.

nephew

neph-i-l

nephew-in-law

nfi

no further information

nfk

nothing further known

NGS

National Genealogical Society

NHPRC

National Historical Publications and Records Commission

Ni

niece

nm.

name

nmed.

named

not.

noted

NP

Notary Public

nr.

none recorded; not recorded; naturalized

NS

New Style calendar; Nova Scotia

NSCDA

National Society of the Colonial Dames of America

NSDAR

National Society, Daughters of the American Revolution

Nu

nurse

NUCMC

National Union Catalog of Manuscript Colletions

nunc.

nuncupative

NW. Terr.

North West Territory

NWC

Navy Widow's Certificate

NYGBS

New York Genealogical and Biographical Society

o.

oath, officer

O.B.

Order Book

o.c.

only child

O.E.

Old England; Old English

o.p.

out of print

o.t.p.

of this parish

ob.

obiit

obit.

obituary

offor offic.

official

oft.

often

OM

Organized Militia

ord.

ordained; ordinance; order; ordinary

org.

organization

orig.

origin; original

OS

Old Style calendar

p.

page; per; populus; parentage; parents; pence, patient

p.a.

power of attorney

P.M.

Post Meridiem; afternoon; Post Mortem; after death; Police magistrate

P.O.

Post Office

p.r.

parish record

Pa

partner

pam.

pamphlet

par.

parish; parent; parents

pat.

patent; patented; paternal

pchd.

purchased

PE

Presiding Elder

peo.

people

perh.

perhaps

petitn. or petn.

petition

petr.

petitioner

ph.

parish, physician

PI

Preliminary Inventories

pion.

pioneer

PJP

Probate Judge of the Peace

PLB

Poor Law Board

plt.

plantiff

POA

Power of Attorney

POE

Port of Entry

Por

porter

pp.

pages

PPA

per power of Attorney

pr.

proved; probated, prisoner

preced.

preceding

PRO

Public Record Office

pro.

probate; proved

prob.

probable; probably

prop.

property

propr.

proprietor(s)

provis.

provision

pt.

point; port; petition; pint

ptf.

plaintiff

Pu

pupil

pub.

public; published; publisher; publication

pvt.

private

pymt.

payment

q.

[Latin] quarto; oversize book

q.v.

Latin quod vide (which see). Usually indicating that a reference exists elsewhere in the document. I use simply (see).

q.y.

query

r.

rector; rex; rejected; river; road

R.

Range; Rabbi; River; Road

R.C.

Roman Catholic

rat.

rated

rcdr.

recorder

rcpt.

receipt

RD

release of dower rights

re.

regarding

rec.

record

reg.

register

Reg. Gen.

Registrar General

rel.

relative

reld.

relieved

rel-i-l

relative-in-law

ren.

renunciation

rep.

report; representative; reprint; reprinted

repl.

replaced; replacement

repud.

repudiated

res.

research; residence; resides

respectiv.

respectively

ret.

retired

Rev.

Reverend; Revolutionary War

Rev. War

Revolutionary War

RG

Registered Genealogist

rgstr.

registrar

rinq.

relinquished

RIP

[Latin] requiescat in pace; rest in peace

Rom.

Roman

RR

railroad

s.

son(s)/ soldier; survivor; spinster; successor; shilling

s. and h.

son and heir

S.E.

southeast

s.p.

[Latin] sine prole; without offspring

s.p.l.

[Latin] sine prole legitima; without legitimate offspring

s.p.m.

[Latin] sine prole mascula; without male offspring

s/o

son of

Sa

sailor

Sal

saleslady

SAR

Sons of the American Revolution

SASE

self-addressed stamped envelope

Sb

stepbrother

scatt.

scattering; scattered

Scl

step child

SCV

Sons of Confederate Veterans

s'd

said [found in legal documents]

SDA

Seventh Day Adventists

Se

servant

sec.

second; secretary; section; sector; security

see

A further reference is found on this site.

serg.

sergeant

serv.

service; servant

sett.

settlers; settler

sev.

several

Sf

stepfather

sh.

share; ship

Si

sister

sil or Sl

son-in-law

sin.

[Latin] sine; without

sis.

sister

Sm

stepmother

sn.

[Latin] sine; without

SO

Survivors' Originals

soc.

society; societies

spell.

spelling; spelled

spr.

sponsor

sr.

senior

srnms.

surnames

Ss

stepson

st.

saint; street

sup.

supply; superior

supt. or Su

superintendant

surg.

surgeon

SUV

Sons of Union Veterans

sw.

swear; sworn

syl.

syllable

T.

Township

t.p.

title page

t.p.m.

title page mutilated

t.p.w.

title page wanting

tak.

taken

Ten

tenant

terr.

territory

test.

testament

tho.

though

thot.

thought

thro.

through

TIB

Temple (Records) Index Bureau

tn.

town; township

top.

topographical

Tp.

Township

tr.

troop; translated; translation

transcr.

transcribed

transl.

translation

treas.

treasurer

TRIB

Temple Records Index Bureau

TVA

Tennessee Valley Authority

twn.

town

twp.

township

ty.

territory

U

uncle

U.K.

United Kingdom

UDC

United Daughters of the Confederacy

unasgd.

unassigned

unc.

uncle

unit.

uniting; united

unk.

unknown

unm.

unmarried

unorg.

unorganized

USCG

United States Coast Guard

USCT

United States Colored Troops

USMC

United States Marine Corps

USN

United States Navy

USWPA

United States Works Progress Administration

v.a.

[Latin] vixit annos; (s)he lived (a certain number) years

V.L.

Vulgar Latin

v.r.

vital records

v.s.

vital statistics

var.

various; variation; variant

VFW

Veterans of Foreign Wars

Vi

visitor

VIP

Very Important Person

Vis. or Visc.

Viscount; Viscountess

vit.

vital

viz.

[Latin] videlicet; namely

vols.

volunteers; volumes

vs.

versus

w.

wife; will; west; widow

W.B.

Will Book

w.d.

will dated

W.D.

War Department

W.O.

Warrant Officer

W.O.

Widow's Originals

w.p.

will probated; will proved

W.S.

Writer to the Signet

w/o

wife of

Wa

warden

wag.

wagoner

Wai

waitress

wd.

widow; ward

wf/o

wife of

wh.

who; which

wit.

witness

wk(s).

week(s)

Wkm

workman

wnt.

wants

WPA

Works Progress Administration

WRHS

Western Reserve Historical Society

Wt

waiter

wtn.

witness

ww.

widow

ww/o

widow of

wwr.

widower

X

a mark made by a person instead of a signature; Christ; Christian

x ch.

exchange

Xn.

Christian

Xnty.

Christianity

Xped.

Christened

Xr.

Christian

Xt.

Christ

Xtian.

Christian

Xty.

Christianity

y.

year

yd.

graveyard

yr.

year; younger; your

Page Revised:  03 September 2012
Revision does not include revisions to the database